Al-Naggar, Redhwan Ahmed
Open Access Scientific Reports. 2012; 1(1):
Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the acceptance and associated factors of HPV vaccine among Young Malaysian males. Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted among male university students. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed randomly to all faculties of the university. The protocol of this study was approved by the ethics committee of Management and Science University. Data analysis was performed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 13. Studentís t-test and ANOVA was used in univariate analysis. Multiple linear regression was used in multivariate analysis. Results: A total number of 350 male university students participated in this study. The majority of them were Malay, single, non-alcohol drinkers, non-smokers, never taken marijuana, and are all from non-medical faculty and never heard about HPV vaccine (61.4%, 95.7%, 72.6%, 56.6%, 88.9%, 52.9%, 63.4%; respectively). With HPV vaccine acceptance among male adults, more than half of the study participants (55.4%) were willing to accept the HPV vaccine if available. The factors that influenced the acceptance of HPV among male adults were race, marital status, smoking, type of faculty and taking marijuana (p<0.0001, p<0.001, p= 0.025, p < 0.0001, p < 0.0001; respectively). Conclusion: More than half of the study participants were willing to accept the HPV vaccine if available. Race, marital status, smoking, type of faculty and taking marijuana were factors that significantly influenced the acceptance of male students towards HPV vaccine. Raising menís awareness of the risks of HPV is also essential.
Cheah Whye Lian, Helmy Hazmi, Chang Ching Thon
International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health. 2014; 26(3): 447-453
Rural communities have shown marked increase in metabolic syndrome among young people, with physical inactivity as one of the main contributing factors. This study aimed to determine factors associated with physical inactivity among male and female rural adolescents in a sample of schools in Malaysia. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 145 students aged 13-15 years. Data on socio-demographic, health-related, and psychosocial factors (perceived barriers, self-efficacy, social influences) were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. Anthropometric measurement was taken to generate body mass index (BMI)-for-age, while physical activity (PA) level was assessed using pedometers. The mean steps per day was 6251.37 (SD=3085.31) with males reported as being more active. About 27% of the respondents were either overweight or obese, with more females in this group. There was no significant difference in steps among males and females (p=0.212), and nutritional status (BMI-for-age) (p=0.439). Females consistently scored higher in most items under perceived barriers, but had significantly lower scores in self-efficacy's items. Males were more influenced by peers in terms of PA (p<0.001) and were more satisfied with their body parts (p=0.047). A significantly higher body size discrepancy score was found among females (p=0.034, CI -0.639, -0.026). PA level was low and almost one-third of the respondents were overweight and obese. Female students faced more barriers and had lower self-efficacy with regards PA. Based on the findings, it is recommended that interventions focus on reducing barriers while increasing support for PA. This is particularly important in improving the health status of the youth, especially among the females.
Yong Kang Cheah.
Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences . 2013; 20( N/A): 46-55
Background: Acute urinary retention (AUR) is one of the most serious complications of benign prostatic hypertrophy. This study was done to predict the outcome of trial of voiding without catheter (TWOC) in patients with AUR with intravesical prostatic protrusion (IPP) detected on transabdominal ultrasound. Other factors such as prostatic volume and patient’s age were also assessed. Method: Patients with a first episode of AUR secondary to benign prostatic hypertrophy were assessed with ultrasound following bladder catheterization. The IPP was measured and graded (grade 1 is 5 mm or less, grade 2 is 5–10 mm and grade 3 is more than 10 mm). Success of TWOC was then correlated with the degree of IPP. Results: A total of 32 patients with AUR were included in the study. Patients with grade 3 IPP were found to have a significant failure rate compared to grade 1 (P = 0.022) and grade 2 (P = 0.041). Conclusion: Intravesical prostatic protrusion is a useful predictor of success of TWOC in patients with AUR. Patients with grade 3 IPP on ultrasound would benefit from TWOC and warrant earlier definitive surgical treatment.